Looking for info telling about depression vs bipolar quiz? Take a look at this article! People who suffer from a bipolar disorder experience a constant ups and downs of feelings. For the mental disorder is characterized by depressive and manic phases that alternate. For a period of time, those affected feel very depressed, then again they are euphoric, upside down, hyperactive and exaggerate their abilities. Read here everything important about the bipolar disorder!
The term “bipolar disorder” indicates that the disease is characterized by two different sensory polarities. It is one of affective disorders, which means that it affects the mood. Previously, bipolar disorder was also referred to as manic depression. Manic-depressive means that sufferers are staggered between periods of great euphoria and enthusiasm and depressed periods in which they are depressed and impotent. There is usually no external cause for the changing mood, such as positive or negative experiences. Possible external triggers therefore play a subordinate role in the course of the disease. Instead the bipolar disorder develops a strong dynamism.
Depression Vs Bipolar Quiz Review
The Different Forms
Typically, phases of mania and depression are constantly changing. In some people who are manic-depressed, however, there are several months or even years between the depressive and the manic attacks. In between, the mood is balanced for a long time. About 20 percent of sufferers experience exclusively manic and not depressive phases.
The bipolar disorder is divided into the following forms:
Bipolar I disorder: alternating occurring depressive and manic phases
Bipolar-II disorder: alternately occurring depressive and mildly manic (hypomane) phases
Cyclothymia: alternating occurring depressive and manic phases in strongly attenuated form
The bipolar disorder usually occurs for the first time between 15 and 25 years. Currently, about two percent of the population is manic-depressed. Men and women become ill with the same frequency. In contrast, unipolar depression clearly dominates female patients. Since the bipolar disorder is not always detected, the actual numbers are probably higher. Frequently, the manic-depressive disorder begins with a depression. If the mania does not appear until much later, many people are wrongly diagnosed with a pure depression instead of a bipolar disorder.
Family and twin studies have shown that the bipolar disorder is caused by, among other things, the influence of genetic factors. Researchers have found that children of a diseased parent have a 10% chance to become manic-depressed as well. If the bipolar disorder is present in both parents, the probability of the disease increases even up to 50 percent. To date, however, no specific gene for manic-depressive disorder has been found. Presumably the bipolar disorder is based on the change of several genes.
Influence of the neurotransmitters
There is much evidence that the distribution and regulation of important messengers (neurotransmitters) in the brain is disturbed in bipolar disorder. Neurotransmitters are body-borne substances which cause certain reactions in the body and the brain. Examples are serotonin, norepinephrine or dopamine. In depressed people, a deficiency of noradrenaline and serotonin has been observed. In manic phases, on the other hand, the concentration of dopamine and norepinephrine is increased. In the case of bipolar disorder, therefore, the imbalance of the various messengers may play an important role. The drug therapy of the bipolar disorder therefore aims to achieve a controlled distribution of these signaling substances.
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